"The political discourse, the media discourse and the academic discourse have been shaped by the source of the money that makes all of them possible and that's overwhelmingly from the surplus. One of the effects of that ideological effort is precisely to keep the question of the organisation of production off the agenda... to develop a discourse, now a good 200 years old, a discourse that works ceaselessly to establish the idea that capitalism as a system of organising production with private property and markets is the most efficient, technically superb engine of prosperity, efficiency and freedom... to so establish these ideas that anyone who even opened the question [of whether capitalism was in fact any of these things] would appear to be a lunatic." — Richard Wolff
We begin our second hour with a section of a 1998 speech by Noam Chomsky (from episode 29) which is congruent with Richard Wolff's analysis of 20th century political and economic development.
Our second hour concludes with a 2012 interview of Sam Gindin and Leo Panitch, co-authors of 'The Making of Global Capitalism, The Political Economy of American Empire'. As Marxists, their ideas are fairly congruent with those of Richard Wolff, though their emphasis is different. They argue that globalization could never have come about with huge support from nation states, working to support proponents of capitalism and oppressing - by one means or another - those with alternative social visions. Far from experiencing a change of nature, with the formulation of neoliberalism, they see the global economic development as following a pretty straightforward path of intensifying the influence of organised capital. They too note that this responsiveness of the system to finance is leaving an ever larger proportion of individuals marginalized and effectively serfs devoid of any influence. Their prescription is simple - a fundamental change is needed, one that is mindful of the previous false solutions, and does not seek only to ameliorate conditions of those suffering deprivation and inequality, but to address these issues at source.
Thanks to Sasha Lilley of Against The Grain for the interview with Sam Gindin and Leo Panitch