They came, they camped, they conquered (well, almost). During a soul-searching Dorset retreat, Climate Camp have decided to suspend tent-centred activism - citing the “radically different political landscape” of 2011. Having been through Drax, Kingsnorth, Heathrow, RBS, Copenhagen and one helluva lot of hummus, the group are now turning their attention to coordination with the wider anti-cuts and anti-austerity movement.
In what seems to be a direct attack on the autonomous, grass-roots nature of the collective, a small group of the 'old guard' came to the national planning meeting on 21st - 26th February with their own agenda and passed the decision to kill Climate Camp, despite a block and four stand-asides in the 'consensus' process.
The majority of attendees at the 'Space for Change' meet went expecting to discuss plans for this year's Climate Camp and the future for the movement. When they arrived, they were faced with an agenda that was geared towards the dissolution of the collective and a lack of willingness from the facilitators to engage in alternatives to total shut-down.
Some key people within the group, involved since the first camp at Drax in 2006, went as far as to criticise the 'horizontal' nature of the organisation, and the way people were able to enter into the planning processes and 'disrupt' things. Strong words for a movement supposedly based on anarchist principles of open engagement and participation.
The 'retreat' was limited to 80 people - half the normal number of individuals at national gatherings - with places allocated on a first-come, first-served basis. It soon became clear that the five days would be framed around the dissolution question, with a 'them and us' atmosphere quickly developing. On one side were the few remaining original members who did most of facilitating, arguing for either a more NGO-type structure to Climate Camp or no Climate Camp at all; on the other, the more grass-roots minded individuals from strong regional groups who saw the way forward as an increased push for organisational skill-sharing and local autonomy.
On the first day the proposal to dissolve the shared national identity of Climate Camp reached an impasse with 6 blocks to the decision. Members in favour of dissolution fought back with what has now been termed as the 'anti-block' – the threat to leave the group if the decision didn't pass. Blockers and anti-blockers met to thrash out the differences, resulting in one remaining block to the proposal. Despite the normal conventions of consensus decision-making, and the statement published on the website following the meeting, the proposal was carried forward without consensus, ignoring the block.
The 'Metamorphosis Statement' published after this blatant disregard for agreed process reads like a bizarre mix of self-congratulation and random key words. Citing events like “droughts in the Amazon, floods in Pakistan; food prices rising [and] revolutions across the Middle East” which have created a world “very different from 2005 when the Camp for Climate Action first met” it emphasises a need to change. Err – Boxing Day tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, oil price rises due to trouble in the Middle East, occupation of Iraq? All around 2005. And aren't extreme weather conditions that cause floods and droughts essentially climate change issues? A weird justification for the dissolution of a climate action group. The statement was not agreed collectively, but written afterwards by one of the group who had proposed the disbanding of the network.
NEGOTIATIONS IN TENTS
SchNEWS spoke to one attendee of the hijacked gathering who explained why the core group of founder members wanted out. “They went into it with best intentions 5 years ago, but they failed to skill share and get enough people involved in the core organising – they don't trust anyone else to do it. It got to the stage where they were completely burned out. A recurring complaint they had was that they weren't appreciated for their skills - but their skills seem to be mostly that they've got a degree from Oxford or Cambridge. Everything about this has been the wrong way round - we went to discuss ideas for the future but the whole thing seemed to be geared towards not talking about the future because they wanted to kill it. The national process hasn't been encouraging localism. I think this has been planned since the last national Camp for Climate Action in Edinburgh.”
Climate Camp has been dogged with criticism for the last few years. After reasonably successful mobilisations at Drax in 2006 and Heathrow in 2007( see SchNEWS 558; 600), the intensification of police pressure on the group at Kingsnorth in 2008 (SchNEWS 642) led to 2009's activities being split into two parts, workshops and networking at Blackheath, London in August (SchNEWS 689), and direct action targeting Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station in October (SchNEWS 696). This separation of the 'fluffy' side to Climate Camp and the 'spikey' radical action just fuelled the disharmony. Individuals started to question whether the movement was losing its focus. Media attention was escalating and the group was in danger of becoming a comfy bandwagon for middle (or upper)-class self-professed environmentalists in high profile journalistic or political positions to add a 'radical' element to their public image, without actually having to risk getting nicked.
Concerns over misrepresentation by mass media, fears of police violence and infiltration, discontent from participating members and a lack of clear direction culminated in a palpable feeling of paranoia and exhaustion in 2010's Edinburgh national camp (see SchNEWS 736). The camp's direct action methods seemed ill-equipped to tackle the smoke and mirrors of the financial system. This change of focus and resulting confusion of tactics could in hindsight be seen as an indicator of the struggles within the core of the organisation, regarding the priorities of the campaign.
The decision to totally erase the national identity of Climate Camp will surely come as a kick in the teeth to those in regional groups doing good work in their areas. Waking up to find that the name that you organise under has been pulled out from under your feet by centralised decision-making is unprecedented in activist circles. This issue transcends national boundaries, with groups meeting under the Climate Camp banner in Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, New Zealand, the USA and Ghana. Inspired by events in the UK, each country took on the Climate Camp name, and none have been consulted in this decision.
Ultimately, the act of a minority to shut-down an organisation which is meant to be run autonomously is entirely contradictory. It shows a lack of flexibility, a willingness to allow active participation of new individuals, and an inability to allow dynamic change within a group that has an established public presence. Where Climate Camp goes after this, and whether local groups can effectively use the collective identity which has done so much for environmental activism over the last 5 years remains to be seen.
Also in SchNEWS 761: Crap Eviction of the Week - Sussex police raid empty protest site. | That'll Learn 'Em - Overshadowed by turmoil in Libya, last week saw more student protests in London, leading up to the self-styled ‘DayX4’ protests on Thursday 24th. | Saying No To NATO - Afghanis protest after NATO air strike kill 73 civilians | Bonus Culture Uncut - UK Uncut activists react to last weeks bank bonus announcements | Blatant Liberty - Civil liberties group Liberty gets in bed with Met Police | Lopp-Sided in Calais - SchNEWS got the low-down this week from Calais: police crack downs, CRS strikes and the soon-to-be-introduced fascist security law ‘LOPPSI II’. | Panama Moments - Indigenous Panamanians have been fighting back against new legislation designed to entice foreign investment to the country’s mining industry. | And Finally - Mervin King (Governer of the Bank of England) comes out on the side of anti-cuts demonstrators